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人教版|八年级上册各单元必考知识点汇总,收

来源:网络整理 编辑:采集侠 时间:2018-11-06

人教版|八年级上册各单元必考知识点汇总,收藏!

2018-11-03 17:55 来源:初中英语老师 爸爸 /语法 /成绩

原标题:人教版|八年级上册各单元必考知识点汇总,收藏!

今天小简老师给大家总结了人教版八年级上册各单元所有重难点和必考点,包括重点单词、短语、句型及其用法和语法考点,快期中考试了大家收藏起来好好学吧!

人教版|八年级上册各单元必考知识点汇总,收

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

【重点语法】

不定代词:不指名代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词叫做不定代词。

用法注意:

1. some 和any +可数名/不可数名。

some 多用于肯定句,any多用于否定句、疑问句和条件从句 。有些问句中用some,不用any, 问话者希望得到对方肯定回答。

2. 由some, any, no, every 与 body, one, thing构成的复合不定代词作主语时,其谓语动词用三单。

3. 不定代词若有定语修饰,该定语要置于其后:如:something interesting

【重点短语】

1. buy sth for ab./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物

2. taste + adj. 尝起来……

3. nothing...but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都没有

4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起来

5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到达某地

6. decide to do sth. 决定做某事

7. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 / try to do sth. 尽力做某事

8. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

9. want to do sth. 想去做某事

10. start doing sth. 开始做某事=begin doing sth.

11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 区分: stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事

12. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

14. so + adj + that + 从句 如此……以至于……

16. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要) 做某事

17. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

词语辨析

1. take a photo/ take photos 拍照

quite a few+名词复数 “许多…”

2. seem + 形容词 看起来…... You seem happy today.

seem + to do sth. 似乎/好像做某事 I seem to have a cold

It seems + 从句 似乎..…. It seems that no one believe you.

seem like ... 好像,似乎….. It seems like a good idea.

3. arrive in +大地点= get to= reach+地点名 “到达......”

arrive at +小地点

(注:若后跟地点副词here/there/home, 介词需省略,如: arrive here; get home)

4. feel like sth 感觉像…

feel doing sth. 想要做某事

5. wonder(想知道)+疑问词(who, what, why)引导的从句。

6. because of +名/代/V-ing

because+从句

He can’t take a walk because of the rain.

I don’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

7. enough +名词 足够的…...

形容词/副词+enough

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

【重点语法】

1. 频率副词: always, usually, often, sometimes, never

频率副词在句中通常放在实义动词之前, be动词或助动词之后。常用于一般现在时态中。

2.“次数”的表达方法

一次 once, 两次twice,三次或三次以上:基数词+ times, 如:three times, five times,

3. how often“多久一次”问频率,回答常含有频率词组或短语。

常见的how疑问词:

1)How soon 多久(以后)

—How soon will he be back?他多久能回来?

—He will be back in a month. 他一个月后能回来。

2)how long “多久”

—How long did it take you to clean the house? 你打扫房子用了多久?

—It took me half an hour to clean the house. 我打扫这房子用了半小时。

3)How many+名复

How much+不可名

“多少” 问数量(how much 还可问价格)

【重点短语】

1. go to the movies 去看电影

2. look after = take care of 照顾

3. surf the internet 上网

4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

5. go skate boarding 去划板

6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

7. eating habits 饮食习惯

8. take more exercise 做更多的运动

9. the same as 与什么相同

10. be different from 不同

11. once a month一月一次

12. twice a week一周两次

13.make a difference to 对......有影响/作用

14. most of the students=most students

15. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物

16. be good for 对......有益

17. be bad for 对......有害

18. come home from school放学回家

19. of course = certainly = sure 当然

20. get good grades 取得好成绩

21. keep/be in good health 保持健康

22. take a vacation 去度假

【词语辨析】

1. maybe / may be

maybe 是副词,意为“大概, 可能,或许”,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为“可能是...,也许是...,大概是...”.

The baby is crying. Maybe she is hungry.

The woman may be a teacher.

2. a few / few / a little / little

人教版|八年级上册各单元必考知识点汇总,收

People can live to 100, but few people can live to 150.

There is little time left. I won’t catch the first bus.

Could you give me a little milk?

3. hard / hardly

hard作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。hardly为副词,意为“几乎不”。

The ground is too hard to dig.

I can hardly understand them.

It’s raining hard. The people can hardly go outside.

4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .

as for...意思是“至于;关于”,+名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。

如: As for him,I never want to see him here.

至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。

As for the story,you'd better not believe it.

关于那故事,你最好不要相信。

5. That sounds interesting. 

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